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Indonesia: Assistant for NDC Roadmap Expert in Energy, Waste, Industrial Process

26 days ago: Global Green Growth Institute

Job Description

The Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) seeks a highly qualified individual with experiences in coordinating the development of government’s roadmap for the implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) in Indonesia. This work will require a thorough review on the mitigation activities in several key ministries[1] and a stakeholder’s agreement on emissions reduction pathways to meet the NDC target. The Consultant should also have knowledge and experience to design mitigation activities in Energy, Waste, Industrial Processing and Product Use Sectors

 Purpose of The Assignment

The objective for this assignment is to develop and elaborate in detail the mitigation activities which will be agreed by the key ministries (Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of National Development Planning, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Ministry of Transportation, Ministry of Public Work and Settlement, and Ministry of Industry) that covers the five NDC's sector (energy, waste, industrial processing, product use, agriculture, and forestry).

The purpose is to compile a roadmap for NDC implementation that will enable the government to incorporate emission reduction activities into the plans, including allocating budgets and monitoring them on a regular basis. In addition, the roadmap will also indentify the opportunities for non-states actors to contribute to the achievement of the conditional and unconditional targets of the NDC.

[1] The key ministries consist of: (a) Ministry of Environment and Forestry, (b) Ministry of Agriculture, (c) Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, (d) Ministry of Transportation, (e) Ministry of Public Work and Settlement, and (f) Ministry of Industry

[2] Government Regulation No. 17/2017

The NDC and The National Action Plan for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction ( RAN-GRK)

The RAN-GRK forms the cross-sectoral framework for Indonesia’s climate strategy. It was formulated by BAPPENAS in coorporation with the Ministries for Environment, Forestry, Industry, Agriculture, Public Works, and Energy and Mineral Resource, and launched by presidential decree in 2011. Addinionally, provincial governments formulated provincial action plan (RAD-GRK), in support of mitigation plans of the Indonesian national government.

The RAN-GRK is meant as a central planning instrument for Indonesian Nationally Approciate Mitigation Action (NAMA) development in the period of 2010-2020. The RAN-GRK contextualizes Indonesia's over-all miitigation commitment of reducing emissions by 26% versus business-as-usual (BAU), or up to 41% with International support by 2020, pledged in 2009.

In late 2015, the RAN-GRK was reviewed in the context of the newly-enacted National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2015-2019. The review sought to improve programs and strategies of the original plan, and extended the time frame until 2030. It now forms the basis for Indonenesia's NDC, and provides in-depth information on the scenarios behind the formulation of the country's reductions commitment.

Indonesia's NDC breaks down the overall reduction targets to emission levels in 2030 for the sectors energy, waste, industrial processing and product use, agriculture, and forestry. Indonesia's mitigation contributions, as stipulated in the country's NDC, mainly result from emission reductions in the AFOLU (agriculture, forestry and other land uses) (Including peat fires) and the energy sectors.

In relation to implementation, NDC's emissions level for the base year (2010) and the end-year (2030) are already fixed by the government. Thefore, only the mid-year NDC target can be changed and adjusted to the current country' conditions, e.g. the conomic growth rate.

Aligning plans to implement NDC in Indonesia

In order to implemet the NDC, the key ministries already put mitigation actions in their sectoral plans. The ministries consist of : (a) Ministry of Environment and Forestry, (b) Ministry of Agriculture, (c) Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, (d) Ministry of Transportation , (e) Minstry of Public Work and Settlement, and (f) Ministry of Industry.

These plans are generally not aligned with each other; not linked with teh NDC target 2030; and still in general lack a clear levelof interventions. As a consequence, the targets for emissions reduction in each sector, which may appear easily implementable at low cost on paper, may not actually materialize in practice. This is one of the most importtant challenges to tackle for Indonesia in the short term and will likely also positively affect other sectors.

In order to realize the level of mitigation that is envisioned in the NDC, each sectoral plan should be revisited. One of the most important steps that has been taken by Indonesia is the issuance of a budget  tagging system  for mitigation actions. This system was published in early 2017 by the Ministry of National Development Planning, Ministry of Finance, and Ministry of Administrative and Bureaucratic Reform under the rubric of Integrated e-plannning, Budgeting and Performance Information (Kolaborasi Perencanaan dan Informasi Kinerja Anggaran of KRISNA (Government Regulation No.17/2017).

This system has opened the opportunity for Ministry of Environment and Forestry to revisit the mitigation actions in each key line ministries. This process, called activity tagging, is important for the planning, budgeting, and monitoring of mitigation activities.

Scope of Work

The Team

For this assignment, GGGI will engage a team of cunsultans to develop the roadmap. The team will be coordinated by one of the consultans (the Team Leader). The Team Leader will also serve as the NDC Roadmap Expert in Forestry and Agriculture Sectors Consulant

In addition to the Team Leader, three other individual consultans will be enganged by GGI to develop the NDC roadmap. They are :

  1. Assistant for NDC Roadmap Expert in Forestry and Agriculture Sectors Consultant
  2. NDC Roadmap Expert in Energy, Waste, Industrial Processing, and Product Use Sectors Consultant
  3. Assist for NDC Roadmap Expert in Energy, Waste, Industrial Processing and Product Use Sectors Consultant

The Assistant forNDC Roadmap in Energy, Waste, Industrial Processing and Product Use Sectors  will work directly with the NDC Roadmap Expert in Energy, Waste, Industrial Processing and Product Use Sectors directions.

The consultants will work together as a team, each supporting the works of the others. Since the work will be undertaken in close cooperation with the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, flexibility and a shared vision for the project outcome are essential. This reflecting in the section on 'sequence of task and the approach for roadmap development' as described below.

The sequence of tasks and the approach for roadmap development

As the roadmap development is a cross ministerial work, the leadership of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry will be crucial to ensure the engagement of the other key ministries, particularly  in providing data and information, and in agreeing on the emissios reduction pathways.

GGGI, supervising the consultant team, will ensure that the process will meet the principles of transparancy and participation.

There are five phases of work to develop and finalize this roadmap :

  • Analyze the current mitigation activities

The Ministry of Environment and Forestry is currently tagging the mitigation activities and level of intervention from each activity that covers NDC's key sector of energy, waste, inndustrial processing, and product use, agriculture, and forestry. The activities are spread across six key ministries : (a) Ministry of Environment and Forestry, (b) Ministry of Agriculture, (c) Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, (d) Ministry of Transportation, (e) Ministry of Public Work and Settlement, and (f) Ministry of Industry.

This process is aimed at grouping the mitigation activities that have direct or indirect impacts in meeting the NDC target. The results will be used by the key ministries as guidence to maintstream the mitigation activities in 2019-2030 sectoral plans. These mitigation activities and allocated budget for implementation will then incorporated into the KRISNA system which allow the Ministry of Environment and Forestry to monitor and report the achievements.

In this phase, the Ministry of Environment and Forestry will consult with the other key ministries where the consultant team will be enganged and assist the analysis by :

  • Providing input to the draft list of the mitigation activities. This input will be provided to the ministry’s analysis result of the existing policies/regulatory measures and their : geogrphic scope, temporary scope projected impact in emission reductions under different assumptions of level of compliance
  • Designing a simple monitoring tool to measure the achievement of emissions reduction
  • Identify the gaps between projected emissions anticipated from mitigation activities and those required to meet the NDC targets.

From the list of mitigations activities, the consultant team will calculate the level of anticipated emissions reductions, if all activities are carried out as planned, and compare it with the NDC targets for each sector to find the potential gap. This analysis will provide information on : (a) how far the country is from achieving the NDC targets; (b) what improvements are needed to reach the targets; (c) the eligible locations by using the Indonesia's formal maps which will be done by the Ministry, and (d) which ministry will be primarily responsible for which mitigation activities.

In this phase, the consultant team will also :

  • Use the GHG abatement cost curves that already available in the Ministry to provide a quantitative basis for discussions about what activities would be most effective in delivering emissions reductions, and what they might cost
  • Review recent policies, research projects, strategies and planning documents, including the Low Carbon Development Indonesia ( Ministry of National Development Planning), Green Planning, and Budgeting Strategy (Ministry of Finance), and the Green Growth Roadmap (BAPPENAS with GGGI). Recomentations from these documents should be adopted and incorporated in the NDC roadmap where appropriate

The consulting team should assess the applicability of the baseline and implementation scenarios used for each sector and either validate them of propose adjustments as required.

  • The consultant team will use the existing government's NDC projection model for the emissions reduction in this gap analysis. In addition, the consultants will also assess the possibility to change the mitigation scenario and/or the assumptions used in the NDC.
  • Obtain agreement from the key ministries on the mitigation activities and the emissions reduction pathways. The result of the gap analysis will be shared by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry with the other key ministries in a series of  focus group discussions. In this phase, agreement among key ministries is crucial. For that, the consultant team will help GGGI to design the focus group discussions to ensure a transparant process and allow inputs from key ministries to be properly organized.

During the discussions, the consultant team will present : (a) the list of mitigation activities which has been synchronized with the NDC, and (b) the gaps against the NDC targets. The key ministries will then provide inputs which will be used by the consultant team to find the most realistic mid-year target for the emissions reduction and its scenario to meet the NDC target. This scenario will also be presented to help the key ministries invisualizing and communicating their contributions to the NDC and consulted with key representative from local governments, the private sector, civil society, and academicans.

The agreed scenario. Along with updated list of mitigation activities, budget needed, the risks and opportunities will be adopted as the ageed emissions reduction pathways. In achieving the agreed scenario, the consultant team will also engage a relevant sub directorate in the ministry who responsible for the national's social and environmental safeguards in all phase of  works.

  • Roadmap development

The conusltant team will wirte the NDC roadmap in accordance with the agreed mitigation activities and emissions reduction pathways. The roadmap will serve as guidance for key ministries to mainstream the agreed list of activities into their plans and budgets, including measure and policy as well. The contents of the roadmap will be elaborated in the next section.

In this phase, the Consultant will facilitate the Ministry also to design : (a) a monitoring mechanism of NDC implementation which describe the flow of information from the key ministries to the Directorate of Mitigation who will monitor and report the achievements (Mandated in the Minister of Environment and Forestry Decree No. 679/2017) and (b) an updated template to monitore the achievement of the agreed mitigation activities and a manual for the key ministries to fill the template.

  • Public consultation on the roadmap

The ministry of Environment and Forestry will organize a workshop to present the draft roadmap and consult with key stakeholders. Inputs will be used by the consultant team to finalize the roadmap.

Contents of the NDC roadmap

Refering to the Ministry of Environment and Forestry meeting on the initial outline for the roadmap, there are eight chapters of the roadmap :

  • Chapter one will provide background infromation about Indonesia's NDC, the scope of the roadmap, and the approaches and strategies used to develop this roadmap.
  • Chapter two will describe the current progress of NDC target achievements anf the list of emissions reduction in the sectors governed by each key ministry. The chapter will also describe the spesific measures and policies  that are expected to lea to the reduction of emission or the enhancement of emissions sequestration.
  • Chapter three will identify the potential gaps between the level of emissions reductions from the list of mitigation activities in each sector and the conditional and unconditional targets of the NDC. It will also explain the assumptions behind the projections.
  • Chapter four will dentify the enhanced nad or additional mitigation activities and resourced needed to close the gaps for each of the NDC's sectors : Forestry, Agriculture, Energy, waste, Industrial Processing and Product use. This chapter will cover the possible improvement efforts to reach the NDC targets, the eligible locations, cost and benefit analysis of different projection scenarios to achieve NDC targets, and roles and rsponsibilities of each key ministry. This chapter will initialy identify the role communities, local government and private sectors to contribute in filling the gaps.
  • Chapter five will elaborate the monitoring tool and the reporting mechanism for the agreed mitigation activities which will include in the institutional arrengements to conduct MRV as stipulated in the Ministry of Environment and Forestry Regulation (Ministry of Environment and Forestry No. P/72/MENLHK/SETJEN/KUM.1/12/2017 on the guidance to measure, report, and verify the climate change actions and resources). This tool will monitor the all the emission reduction progress that will become input for the MRV system. The MRV system will then verify which activity can be claimed. The tool will also become an input for the Biennial Update Report.
  • Chapter six will describe the adjustments needed to enable the implementation of the agreed mitigation activities in the sectors governed by the key ministries, for example : Govenrment regulation on NDC Implementation in Key Ministries, Fiscal instruments to enable the private sectors to contribute in the NDC implementation, including the incentive and disincentive mechanism.
  • Chapter seven will describe the communications strategy that will be implemented by the Ministry on the benefit of the roadmap and how to impelement in ecah key ministry.
  • Chapter eight will summarize the results and recommendations for the NDC implementation.

Attachements:

-          Template (Excel sheets) and manual for estimating the emission reduction achievements (Bahasa Indonesia)

-          Design of monitoring mechanism of NDC Implementation

The composition of the chapters may change depending on the inputs from key ministries

Tasks of the Expert Assistant  for NDC Roadmap in Energy, Waste, Industrial Processing, and Product Use Sector Consultant

The consultant will be responsible for carrying out the following tasks :

  • Contribute to the planning of :
  • Division of roles and responsibilities between GGGI and the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, and between the consultant team.
  • Approach, sequence of tasks and methodology for roadmap development in energy, waste, industrial processing and product use sectors.
  • Realistic workplan and delivery schedule
  • Collect, review and prepare summary of literatures and regulations related to NDC, emission, and mitigation activities in energy, waste, industrial processing and product use sectors.
  • Assist in data preparation, data collection, and data management in energy, waste, industrial processing and product use sectors under guidance from Ministry of Environment and Forestry and /or other related ministries.
  • Carry out emissions calculation for energy, waste, industrial processing and product use sectors.
  • Design a consultation process with key experts and stakeholders in energy, waste, industrial processing and product use sectors to :
  • Obtain the agreement from the key ministries on the mitigation activities and the emissions reduction pathways
  •  Obtain and validate data and information related to mitigation activities in forestry and agriculture sectors

This will include actively providing substantive advice during the meeting

  • Assist in preparing minutes of meetings during focus group discussions and consultation meetings, briefing notes, and other materials as required.
  • Assist in writing and proofreading of the roadmap for the in energy, waste, industrial processing and product use sections.
  • Assist the NDC Roadmap Expert in energy, waste, industrial processing and product use sectors in other relevant tasks, including the administrative support.

Working Relationships and Sequence of Tasks

The consultant will report to GGGI's Forest and Land Use Lead, who will coordinate the work with the Directorate of Climate Change Mitigation in the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. The consultant will coordinate the work closely with the NDC Roadmap Expert in Energy, Waste, Industrial Processing and Product Use Sectors.

The work will begin with an inception phase to agree on the precise scope and methodology, works schedule, and outline for the roadmap development, including the design of focus group discussions. The details will be agreed by GGGI, Ministry of Environment and Forestry, and the consultans at the outset of the work. The team leader will document these details in an inception report.

GGGI, under the leadership of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, will present and discuss the results with the key ministries, as well as other experts and institutions with relevant expertise to share, to get their agreement on the context and content of roadmap.

GGGI, under leadership of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, will facilitate the focus group discussions (FGDs) to obtain in-depth information on concepts, preceptions, and ideas for the assessments, to share preliminary findings, validate data and information, and to obtain the agreement on emission reduction activities and pathways in each NDC sector. The Team Leader, with support from the other conusltans, will prepare and give presentations at these FGDs and write a brief report on each FGD.

The Ministry of Environment and Forestry will organize a wrokshop to present the draft of roadmap and consult with key stakeholders.

Deliverables

The Consultant will support the NDC Roadmap Expert in Energy, Waste, Industrial Processing and Product Use Sectors and the Team Leader to produce the following deliverables :

  1. Summary of literatures and regulations related to NDC, emission, and mitigation activities in energy, waste, industrial processing and product use sectors.
  2. A simple dataset of emission calculation in energy, waste, industrial processing and product use sectors (Bahasa Indonesia)
  3. Design of consultation with key expert and stakeholders in Energy, waste, industrial processing and product use sectors (Bahasa Indonesia)
  4. Minutes of meetings of all consultations with key experts and stakeholders in energy, waste, industrial processing and product use sectors (Bahasa Indonesia)

Time Table and Reporting Arrangements

General overview of the timeline of the deliverables, to be fixed upon signing of the contract.

The Consultant may be required to produce additional outputs, such as PowerPoint presentations, as reasonably deemed necessary by GGGI

Qualifications

The consultant must have the following qualifications:

  • Master degree in environmental or industrial engineering or equivalent professional experience in emission reduction or a related field with a strong focus on Indonesia's Nationally Determined Contributions
  • At least 8 years of experience in qualitative and quantitaive research related to climate change
  • Proven experience in assisting the government to develop government's planning document, with expert knowledge and expertise in climate change policy and governance in Indonesia.
  • A strong network  in Indonesia, especially with climate change practitioners, academicians, Ministry of Environment and Forestry, and the key ministries for the emission reduction.
  • Strong communication and writing skills, both in Indonesian and English.

The Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) seeks a highly qualified individual with experiences in coordinating the development of government’s roadmap for the implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) in Indonesia. This work will require a thorough review on the mitigation activities in several key ministries[1] and a stakeholder’s agreement on emissions reduction pathways to meet the NDC target. The Consultant should also have knowledge and experience to design mitigation activities in Energy, Waste, Industrial Processing and Product Use Sectors Purpose of The AssignmentThe objective for this assignment is to develop and elaborate in detail the mitigation activities which will be agreed by...